London is the capital as well as economic and political centre of the United Kingdom, with a population of around 8.5m. As one of the world's few truly 'global' cities, London exhibits significant cultural diversity as well as a thriving economy and arts scene. The climate is temperate, with temperatures typically ranging between 2 and 27 degrees Celsius.
Location, Composition and Trasport
Located in the South East of England, the city sits on the River Thames and is comprised of a series of villages (e.g. Greenwich) and named areas (e.g. Mayfair) that exhibit differing economic, cultural and architectural characteristics. The city is served by four major airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stanstead and City), houses an international rail terminus at St Pancreas and is well connected by a significant underground network.
London is a leading global financial sector, with more than 300,000 people working in banking, investment and related services primarily within the City of London and Canary Wharf. Other industries of note include media, professional services and arts. The city is also a major retail centre, with key shopping areas including Oxford Street, Regent Street, Bond Street and Covent Garden, and is home to numerous universities including LSE, Imperial College, King’s College, UCL and LBS.
Culture & Entertainment
London is home to a number of world class museums and galleries, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Royal Academy, Tate Modern, Tate Britain, National Portrait Gallery, Natural History Museum and V&A. The city boasts a thriving restaurant scene, while nightlife centres around the bars and clubs of Soho and Shoreditch, as well as the theatre and musicals of the West End. Key cultural events include London fashion week, Wimbledon tennis tournament and the Notting Hill Carnival.
London is one of the most visited cities in the world. Alongside museums and galleries, key tourist attractions include St Paul’s Cathedral, Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge, Tower of London, Harrods and the London Eye. Major parks include Regents Park, Hyde Park, St James’ Park, Hampstead Heath and Victoria Park.
London has hosted the Olympic Games three times, most recently in 2012. It is widely regarded as one of the most expensive cities in the world.